Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge has provided a cross-reference resource for Bible students worldwide for generations. This highly respected and nearly exhaustive compilation was developed by R.A. Torrey from references in Thomas Scott's Commentary and the Comprehensive Bible. With nearly 500,000 cross-references it is the most thorough source available.
And a mighty king shall stand up, that shall rule with great dominion, and do according to his will.
Alexander the Great, whose kingdom after his death, as we have seen, was divided into four parts.
16,36; 4:35; 5:19; 8:4-14; Ephesians 1:11; Hebrews 2:4; James 1:18
And when he shall stand up, his kingdom shall be broken, and shall be divided toward the four winds of heaven; and not to his posterity, nor according to his dominion which he ruled: for his kingdom shall be plucked up, even for others beside those.
he shall stand
Job 20:5-7; Psalms 37:35,36; 49:6-12; 73:17-20; Luke 12:20
and shall be
7:6; 8:8,22; Psalms 39:6; Ecclesiastes 2:18,19; 4:8; Matthew 12:25
7:8; Jeremiah 12:15,17; 18:7; 31:40; 45:4
And the king of the south shall be strong, and one of his princes; and he shall be strong above him, and have dominion; his dominion shall be a great dominion.
Ptolemy Lagus, king of Egypt, Cyrene, etc.
Seleucus Nicator, who had Syria, etc., to which he added Macedonia and Thrace.
And in the end of years they shall join themselves together; for the king's daughter of the south shall come to the king of the north to make an agreement: but she shall not retain the power of the arm; neither shall he stand, nor his arm: but she shall be given up, and they that brought her, and he that begat her, and he that strengthened her in these times.
13; Ezekiel 38:8,9
Heb. associate themselves. for the king's. After many wars between Ptolemy Philadelphus, king of Egypt, and Antiochus Theos, king of Syria, they agreed to make peace, on condition that the latter should put away his wife Laodice, and her sons, and marry Berenice, Ptolemy's daughter.
Heb. rights. retain.
Job 38:15; Psalms 10:5; Ezekiel 30:21; Zechariah 11:16
she shall be
Antiochus recalled Laodice, who, fearing another change, caused him to be poisoned, and Berenice and her son to be murdered, and set her son Callinicus on the throne.
he that begat her
or, whom she brought forth. he that strengthened. Her father Ptolemy, who died a few years before.
But out of a branch of her roots shall one stand up in his estate, which shall come with an army, and shall enter into the fortress of the king of the north, and shall deal against them, and shall prevail:
Job 14:7; Isaiah 9:14; 11:1; Jeremiah 12:2; Malachi 4:1
Ptolemy Euergetes, who, to avenge his sister's death, marched with a great army against Callinicus, took all Asia from mount Taurus to India, and returned to Egypt with an immense booty.
20; Psalms 49:10-13; 109:8; Luke 12:20
in his estate
or, in his place, or office.
and shall prevail
Psalms 55:23; Ezekiel 17:18
And shall also carry captives into Egypt their gods, with their princes, and with their precious vessels of silver and of gold; and he shall continue more years than the king of the north.
Genesis 31:30; Exodus 12:12; Numbers 33:4; Deuteronomy 12:3; Judges 18:24; Isaiah 37:19; 46:1,2; Jeremiah 43:12,13; 46:25; Hosea 8:6; 10:5,6
their precious vessels
Heb. vessels of their desire.
1:2,3; 10:3; Isaiah 2:16; Hosea 13:15
he shall continue
Callinicus died an exile, and Euergetes survived him four or five years.
But his sons shall be stirred up, and shall assemble a multitude of great forces: and one shall certainly come, and overflow, and pass through: then shall he return, and be stirred up, even to his fortress.
Seleucus Ceraunus and Antiochus the Great, sons of Callinicus. But the former being poisoned, the latter was proclaimed king, retook Seleucia and Syria, and then, after a truce, returned and overcame the Egyptian forces.
be stirred up
or, war. overflow.
22,40; 9:26; Isaiah 8:7,8; Jeremiah 46:7,8; 51:42
then shall he return, and be stirred up
or, then shall he be stirred up again. to his.
7,39; Isaiah 25:12
And the king of the south shall be moved with choler, and shall come forth and fight with him, even with the king of the north: and he shall set forth a great multitude; but the multitude shall be given into his hand.
the king of the south
44; 8:7; Psalms 76:10
10; 2:38; 1 Kings 20:13,28; Psalms 33:16,17; Ecclesiastes 9:11,12; Jeremiah 27:6