Genesis 43
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge has provided a cross-reference resource for Bible students worldwide for generations. This highly respected and nearly exhaustive compilation was developed by R.A. Torrey from references in Thomas Scott's Commentary and the Comprehensive Bible. With nearly 500,000 cross-references it is the most thorough source available.

  • Verse 3

    And Judah spake unto him, saying, The man did solemnly protest unto us, saying, Ye shall not see my face, except your brother be with you.

    42:15-20,33,34; 44:23
    did solemnly protest
    Heb. protesting, protested.
    Acts 7:34
    see my face
    5; 2 Samuel 3:13; 14:24,28,32; Acts 20:25,38

  • Verse 5

    But if thou wilt not send him, we will not go down: for the man said unto us, Ye shall not see my face, except your brother be with you.

    will not
    42:38; 44:26; Exodus 20:12

  • Verse 7

    And they said, The man asked us straitly of our state, and of our kindred, saying, Is your father yet alive? have ye another brother? and we told him according to the tenor of these words: could we certainly know that he would say, Bring your brother down?

    asked us straitly
    Heb. asking asked us.
    3; *marg:
    Heb. mouth. could we certainly know. knowing could we know.
    3; *marg:

  • Verse 8

    And Judah said unto Israel his father, Send the lad with me, and we will arise and go; that we may live, and not die, both we, and thou, and also our little ones.

    lad with me
    42:38; 44:26; Exodus 20:12
    that we
    42:2; Deuteronomy 33:6; 2 Kings 7:4,13; Psalms 118:17
    also our
    45:19; 50:8,21; Numbers 14:31; Ezra 8:21

  • Verse 9

    I will be surety for him; of my hand shalt thou require him: if I bring him not unto thee, and set him before thee, then let me bear the blame for ever:

    will be
    42:37; 44:32,33; 1 Kings 1:21; Job 17:3; Psalms 119:122; Philemon 1:18,19; Hebrews 7:22
    of my hand
    9:5; 31:39; Ezekiel 3:18,20; 33:6,8; Luke 11:50

  • Verse 10

    For except we had lingered, surely now we had returned this second time.

    this second time
    or, twice by this.

  • Verse 11

    And their father Israel said unto them, If it must be so now, do this; take of the best fruits in the land in your vessels, and carry down the man a present, a little balm, and a little honey, spices, and myrrh, nuts, and almonds:

    If it must be
    14; Esther 4:16; Acts 21:14
    carry down
    32:13-21; 33:10; 37:25; Deuteronomy 33:14; 1 Samuel 9:7; 25:27; 1 Kings 4:21; 10:25; 1 Kings 15:19; 2 Kings 8:8; 16:8; 20:12; Psalms 68:29; 72:10; 76:11; Proverbs 17:18; Proverbs 18:16; 19:6; 21:14; Ezekiel 27:17
    a little balm
    37:25; Jeremiah 8:22; Ezekiel 27:15
    For an explanation of the words tzori, nechoth, and lot, here rendered respectively balm, spices, and myrrh, see on ch. 37:25. Devash, honey, is supposed by some not to have been that produced by bees, but a syrup produced from ripe dates. The Jewish doctors observe, that the word in 2 Ch 31:5 signifies dates; and the Arabians, at this day, call the choicest dates preserved with butter, dabous, and the honey obtained from them, dibs, or dabs. Benanim, nuts signifies pistachio nuts, the finest thing found in Syria; but, according to the others, a small nut, the produce of a species of the turpentine tree. Shekaidim is certainly almonds.
    Leviticus 20:24
    1 Kings 10:15; Song of Solomon 4:10,14-16; 5:1; 8:14