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Leviticus 21
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

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  • Verse 4

    But he shall not defile himself, being a chief man among his people, to profane himself.

    or, the verse may be read, being an husband among his people, he shall not defile himself for his wife, etc
    &
    Ezekiel 24:16,17


  • Verse 5

    They shall not make baldness upon their head, neither shall they shave off the corner of their beard, nor make any cuttings in their flesh.

    not make baldness
    This custom is also called rounding the corners of the head, (ch. 19:27,) and seems to have been performed in honour of some idol.
    10:6; 19:27,28; Deuteronomy 14:1; Isaiah 15:2; 22:12; Jeremiah 16:6; 48:37; Ezekiel 44:20; Amos 8:10; Micah 1:16
    the corner
    The Hebrew peath zakon, may denote the whiskers; as the Syriac phatho signifies. These are by the Arabs, according to Niebuhr, still cut entirely off, or worn quite short; and hence they are called by Jeremiah, [qtswtsy p'h] those with cropped whiskers. Perhaps some superstition, of which we are ignorant, was connected with this; but whether or not, it was the object of Moses to keep the Israelites distinct from other nations.


  • Verse 6

    They shall be holy unto their God, and not profane the name of their God: for the offerings of the LORD made by fire, and the bread of their God, they do offer: therefore they shall be holy.

    holy
    8; 10:3; Exodus 28:36; 29:44; Ezra 8:28; 1 Peter 2:9
    profane
    18:21; 19:12; Malachi 1:6,11,12
    bread
    3:11; Ezekiel 44:7; Malachi 1:7
    therefore
    Isaiah 52:11


  • Verse 7

    They shall not take a wife that is a whore, or profane; neither shall they take a woman put away from her husband: for he is holy unto his God.

    that is a whore
    8; Ezekiel 44:22; 1 Timothy 3:11
    put away
    Deuteronomy 24:1-4; Isaiah 50:1


  • Verse 8

    Thou shalt sanctify him therefore; for he offereth the bread of thy God: he shall be holy unto thee: for I the LORD, which sanctify you, am holy.

    sanctify
    6; Exodus 19:10,14; 28:41; 29:1,43,44
    for I
    11:44,45; 19:2; 20:7,8; John 10:36; 17:19; Hebrews 7:26; 10:29


  • Verse 9

    And the daughter of any priest, if she profane herself by playing the whore, she profaneth her father: she shall be burnt with fire.

    the daughter
    1 Samuel 2:17,34; 3:13,14; Ezekiel 9:6; Malachi 2:3; Matthew 11:20-24; 1 Timothy 3:4,5; Titus 1:6
    she shall be burnt
    20:14; Genesis 38:24; Joshua 7:15,25; Isaiah 33:14


  • Verse 10

    And he that is the high priest among his brethren, upon whose head the anointing oil was poured, and that is consecrated to put on the garments, shall not uncover his head, nor rend his clothes;

    upon
    8:12; 10:7; 16:32; Exodus 29:29,30; Numbers 35:25; Psalms 133:2
    consecrated
    8:7-9; Exodus 28:2-4
    uncover
    10:6,7; 13:45; 2 Samuel 15:30; Esther 6:12
    not rend
    Genesis 37:34; Job 1:20; Matthew 26:65; All human corpses were considered as unclean. Whoever touched one was unclean for seven days, and was obliged on the third and seventh day to purify himself according to the Mosaic instructions. In the case of the priest it went still farther; insomuch, that even mourning for the dead by any external sign, such as tearing their clothes, defiled them. Hence such mournings were absolutely forbidden to be used in any case, and by the other priests also, except in the case of their very nearest relations, for whom they were allowed to mourn. This statue is founded on the importance of sustaining the decency and purity of Divine worship. The servants of the Deity were to keep themselves at a distance from every thing that in the least degree savoured of uncleanness.